Harvesting Coriander From Cilantro – A Multi-Use Garden Treat

By Texas Homesteader ~

I use coriander in my cooking from time to time. But because I don’t use it often I’d hate to buy a bottle of coriander. It would just go stale before I could use the whole bottle. But luckily I don’t have to buy it.

You see, I always have cilantro in my garden. It typically comes up on a volunteer basis as a result of seed falling to the ground. But cilantro seed is… coriander.

So I take advantage of this dual-purpose garden goodie and harvest coriander when the cilantro is done, typically around the end of May here in NE Texas.

Volunteer Cilantro Plants For FREE!

Because the cilantro growing in my garden is usually a volunteer plant, it sprouts up in the oddest places. In any given garden year I have plenty of cilantro that sprouts in my permanent beds such as my onion or garlic spaces. That’s not where I would have planted it, yet I allow cilantro volunteers to grow there.

Someone who requires an organized garden would probably be driven crazy by the randomness here. And to be honest, I walk the line somewhere between an organized and a chaotic gardener.

I typically have plantings staged neatly. I like to have the garden look orderly and peaceful. But there are occasions where I allow something to grow right where it is.

Especially these cilantro volunteers since I know that it’s a short-lived herb. Cilantro will bolt and go to seed at the first hint of heat, usually around mid to late May. So I allow it to grow wherever it decides to sprout, knowing that it won’t be there for the entire growing season anyway.

Using Fresh Cilantro

To me, cilantro doesn’t retain its flavor at all when it’s dried. Some gardeners like to chop fresh cilantro, add olive oil & freeze it in ice cube trays to preserve the flavor.

But a cilantro-flavored oil cube is not how I’d cook with cilantro, so I don’t preserve it that way. Therefore I can’t speak to the flavor nor culinary use of frozen cilantro, but it’s certainly a popular way to preserve it.

Instead I’ll harvest that cilantro to use fresh for making Cilantro-Lime Rice, enjoying homemade Pico de Gallo and/or flavoring any number of Tex-Mex styled dishes that are always on tight rotation in my kitchen.

Using fresh cilantro in cilantro-lime rice. #TexasHomesteader

Cilantro Setting Seed

When I see those pretty white flowers on my cilantro I know my fresh cilantro eating time is limited. I know I won’t be able to harvest from it much longer.

But I also know that seeds will be forming soon. In the meantime the bees love those tiny white blooms.

Cilantro flowers turn into coriander seed. #TexasHomesteader

Soon the blossoms fade and tiny round green seeds form. They get a little larger before the green is replaced by a dry light brown color. NOW the coriander is ready to harvest.

Harvesting Coriander

I’ll go to the garden & cut the bolted cilantro plant down and bring the now-spindly plants inside.

Harvesting coriander isn’t hard, but it’s certainly more labor intensive for me than, say, green beans or okra where you just allow the veggie to dry with the seeds inside. But to be able to provide this homegrown spice, I’m willing to persevere. It’s not hard, just slightly more time consuming.

Containing Coriander Seeds During Harvest

Those coriander seeds are now hard little dry balls. So pulling them from the stem means they’ll roll everywhere on your counter and onto the floor. So I needed a way to keep it all corralled neatly as I harvest them.

Cilantro flowers turn into coriander seed. #TexasHomesteader

So I’ll bring out a jelly-roll styled baking pan because it’s large, flat and has sides. This will contain all those coriander seeds quite nicely.

Now I simply take a bundle of coriander seeds between my fingers and strip them off the plant and onto the pan. I continue this until all the coriander is removed. 

Now keep in mind that this is just cilantro seed. So if I desire, I can sprinkle a bit back into the garden to assure I get some cilantro next year. But to be honest, the cilantro always comes back on its own. I haven’t actually planted it in years.

Now that I have my coriander harvested I scan for any debris & roughly pick out & remove the tiny stems and bits of dry cilantro leaf. But I don’t worry about getting absolutely everything out of the coriander. It’s going to be ground up anyway when I use it and the tiny stems and small amount of dried cilantro leaves shouldn’t affect the flavor.

Air Dry Coriander Completely

I typically allow the seeds to air dry further for several days. Nothing is worse than having a tiny bit of moisture in food you’ve harvested and dried before storing in a jar. That tiny amount of moisture will destroy the entire jar of contents. I’m not willing to take that chance. Especially since the coriander takes more time than other garden seeds to harvest.

So I pour the coriander into a wide-mouth bowl and set it on my countertop. Every now & then I’ll run my hands through the bowl of coriander and fluff the seeds, making sure it all gets dry before pouring it into a labeled jar. I’ll put about a tablespoon worth of seeds into my seed stash for next year just in case I need to plant some.

Then I’ll grind this coriander for use during the remainder of the year. My primary use for it is as a necessary spice ingredient in my Homemade Breakfast Sausage Seasoning. But since coriander pairs well with cumin, I can use it in many of the Tex-Mex dishes I enjoy serving.

Lightly Roasting Option

Sometimes I’ll lightly dry-roast the seeds – just a bit to intensify the flavor. I simply place them in a hot cast-iron skillet and roast them, stirring constantly until they’re all toasty colored.

Coriander seeds being lightly roasted in dry cast iron skillet. #TexasHomesteader

The seeds will make a popping noise as they roast. But they can roast too much pretty quickly!

So keep stirring and take them off the heat when they’re as toasty-colored as you like. (a little extra brown on just a few is my preference since I like the smoky flavor it imparts).

Storing Dry Coriander

Then I’ll cool the roasted coriander and place into jars. I prefer the flavor of roasted coriander but to be honest, sometimes I skip this roasting step all together. Shootin’ from the hip in the kitchen, y’all. That’s my game!

It would probably be most convenient to grind it all now, but I like to grind it as I need it. I just feel it stays fresher that way.

So I compromise and grind enough to make a couple of tablespoons of ground coriander spice and then leave the others whole and sealed in a glass jar until I use up what little I’ve ground. At that time I’ll grind some more. This is the method that works best for me.

Providing For My Family

So this coriander spice is basically free to me. The cilantro plant sprouts voluntarily and I use it in my cooking while it’s growing.

Then I harvest the resulting coriander spice for cooking afterward. So cilantro provides both an herb as well as a spice!

Coriander is simply cilantro seed, and it's used in a completely different way than cilantro. #TexasHomesteader

All it takes is a bit of my time to provide this spice. And isn’t that what self-sufficiency is all about?

~TxH~

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My favorite gardening hacks all in one place. #TexasHomesteader

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4 thoughts on “Harvesting Coriander From Cilantro – A Multi-Use Garden Treat

  1. Beth S.

    I have a large pepper grinder that l use when cooking. It is filled with different coloured peppercorns, coriander, small amounts of mustard seeds, and dried rosemary. My family calls it ‘super pepper’! My sisters actually ask for me to gift them my mix for Christmas. I never grew cilantro, but will add it to my garden for next year.

    Reply
    1. Texas Homesteader Post author

      Super Pepper – oh how I love that Beth! And as you mentioned, what a great homemade gift idea too. ~TxH~

      Reply
  2. candace ford

    Hello Texas,
    I’ve never been a big fan of coriander or cilantro but it’s interesting to read about your harvests and preserving of it. One of the things that just keeps on keeping on in my garden is tarragon. The plants are big bushy things that seem to winter over here. I’ve got a couple of plants and I trim them back, loosely tie the stems together and hang them in my utility room until they’re dry enough to kind of run small handfuls back and forth in my hands onto a jelly roll pan, pick out any stems that are a little too big and store them in a beautiful jar that once held some fancy olives. I like it on buttered noodles or baked (and buttered) potatoes and sometimes a pinch into a pot of long simmering spaghetti sauce.
    Stay well,
    Candace (with owls) in Oregon

    Reply
    1. Texas Homesteader Post author

      I love cilantro, but usually I’m only mildly interested in coriander (although I’ll probably experiment with it now that I’ve harvested so much) But I do need coriander for my breakfast sausage seasoning so I’ll for sure be using it often for that. Although I certainly have heard of it, I’ll admit I’m not sure I’ve ever actually tasted tarragon. But your herb preservation and running small handfuls back & forth in your hands into a jellyroll pan are exactly the same procedures I use. (Sometimes I think you could be my long-lost sister!) And I love that you store it in pretty repurposed jars too. Enjoy your owl watching! ~TxH~

      Reply

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