How To Build A Quick 5-Frame Beehive Nuc Box

by Texas Homesteader ~

Spring is an exciting time in beekeeping. The bees are finally able to get out of the hive & forage from the blooming plants. The hives grow by leaps and bounds this time of year too. It’s a good time to split the hives to keep them from becoming too crowded.

But spring is also a time when some hives will swarm. Sometimes when we capture a swarm we put the bees into an empty deep hive box with frames and let them get busy. But sometimes so many swarms are caught that we don’t have a deep hive box available. Let’s make some 5-frame nuc boxes for temporary housing for them. They’re super quick to put together & you can build four nuc boxes with a single sheet of plywood!

We needed temporary housing for a swarm of bees we caught. We can quickly build FOUR 5-frame nuc boxes from a single piece of plywood. #TexasHomesteader

 

Materials Needed

Each completed nuc box will hold five full-sized frames.  A 4×8 sheet of 1/2″ plywood will make 4 complete five-frame nuc boxes.  You’ll need a skillsaw, measuring tape, marking pencil, framing square, some wood glue and paint.

We already had a half sheet of plywood leftover from another project so we decided to use it to make a couple of 5-frame nuc boxes. The cuts were all basic and accomplished quickly using just a skillsaw. (Plans to build these nuc boxes were found online at BeeSource.com)

We needed temporary housing for a swarm of bees we caught. We can quickly build FOUR 5-frame nuc boxes from a single piece of plywood. #TexasHomesteader

Measure & Cut Pieces

For each nuc box we marked off and cut:

  • Two 10-1/4″ by 19-1/8″ pieces for the sides,
  • Two 7-1/2 by 9-1/2″ pieces for the front & back.
  • One 9″ by 22″ piece for the top.
  • One 8-1/2″ by 20″ piece for the bottom to allow for a landing board for the bees.
  • Two 8-1/2″ by 2″ pieces for cleats to hold the frames inside
  • Two 3/4″ by 8-1/2″ cleat pieces to finish the lid.

Plywood diagram. We needed temporary housing for a swarm of bees we caught. We can quickly build FOUR 5-frame nuc boxes from a single piece of plywood. #TexasHomesteader

Drill An Entrance Hole In The Front

After all pieces were marked & cut RancherMan drilled a 3/4″ hole for the bees entrance into the front of the box.

Each nuc box only has these few pieces to assemble:

We needed temporary housing for a swarm of bees we caught. We can quickly build FOUR 5-frame nuc boxes from a single piece of plywood. #TexasHomesteader

Now it’s finally time to start assembling our nuc box.  We added a hearty bead of wood glue to the edges before attaching the boards securely with 1″ x 1/4″ staples.  That glue will help to keep everything sturdy in the years to come. There now, let’s stand back & see how it looks…  Yeah, I like it!

We needed temporary housing for a swarm of bees we caught. We can quickly build FOUR 5-frame nuc boxes from a single piece of plywood. #TexasHomesteader

We’ll probably build more nuc boxes and have them ready for any additional swarms we catch.   I’m thankful that the boxes are easy and inexpensive to make.  Give it a try!

~TxH~

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2 thoughts on “How To Build A Quick 5-Frame Beehive Nuc Box

  1. Chris P

    Thanks for the plans – much simpler than many I’ve seen. How big are you cutting the bottom bee entrance to box? Neither the plans or blog mention that. Thanks in advance!

    Reply
    1. Texas Homesteader Post author

      It’s really hard to see because that part’s wedged between two photos, Chris. Maybe I need to reformat some things to keep it from getting lost in the post, thanks for bringing it to my attention. But to answer your question it’s a 3/4″ hole for the bee’s entrance. ~TxH~

      Reply

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